The strong, informal culture of providing social protection was formalised in Sri Lanka during the 20th Century, in which successive governments built public service provisions that became fundamental to the political system. The ethnic based war (1983-2009) has provided an opportunity to empirically explore the relationship between state protection provisions and post war legitimacy.
Drawing on a qualitative study conducted in the fisher regions of Jaffna, Mannar and Trincomalee, which were badly impacted during the war, this article explores what factors contribute to the performance based legitimacy of the Sri Lankan state in providing social protection provisions.
Key findings include:
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