Livelihood trajectories in Afghanistan: Silent violence in Kandahar Province

Adam Pain, Danielle Huot and Ihsanullah Ghafoori

Type: Afghanistan, Working Paper

Country: Afghanistan

Date: 22/12/2016

Full summary


This study on livelihood trajectories in Kandahar is part of the third round of a panel survey tracking the fortunes of rural Afghan households. The household panel was established in 2002, with a second survey carried out in 2009-10; this third panel survey focuses on the provinces of Herat, Kandahar and Sar-i-pul.

The study examines the performance of village institutions, how households navigate economic life and how street vendor markets function. These issues are linked to analysis of provincial level political dynamics, and the politics and governance of Kandahar.

Key findings include –


  • The effects of the economic downturn in Kandahar have been strongly felt by most households;
  • Public goods are sparsely provided, and education for girls is notably absent;
  • Social structures are marked by the exclusion of women from the public sphere, and class divides, based on land ownership.